Here is why You Should consider The North East England for Business Opportunities in Nanotechnology

It’s important that a business seek new opportunities. This, among other things is the key to the growth and expansion of said business. And if such business is in the field of nanotechnology and they are yet to be sniffing the North East England for new opportunities; they should start immediately and here is why: there’s no region currently that enjoys the strategic backing of Government and the people and the perfect human resources all in an environment that encourages healthy competition and transfer of ideas. In year 2000, the British government established the fastest growing Science Park in the united kingdom by name North East Technology Park-NETPark in Sedgefield, county Durham and since then, it has become home to companies engage majorly in research, prototyping and manufacturing in the field of nanotechnology and other fields like semiconductor, x-ray and forensics.

This is why North East England is the destination if the investment is nanotechnology enterprise and here are other reasons:

Because so many companies are present, North East England has become a hub for nanotechnology enterprise and consequently has been able to attract funding from many sources. This include several venture capital products, both public and private, which are always on offer to companies at different stages of the investment process; either the early stage or the high growth or those in-between. There is also location based funding made available by the Government that companies can access. Companies undertaking research and development are also poised for grants and tax credits.

Strong Research and Development Base
There are a whole lot of Research and Development institutes in the region like Centre of Excellence for Nanotechnology, Micro and Photonic Systems- Cenamphs, the Plastic Electronics Technology Centre (PETeC), Epitaxy for nanoelectronics, Novel electronics systems integration, University Innovation Centre for Nanotechnology and Bionano projects. The activities of these R&D Centers, enhanced by Durham University spin-outs strengthen the knowledge base that foster larger industry-linked projects in the region.
There’s also the CPI- Center for Process Innovation, a resource base available throughout the United Kingdom; and working with leading industry partners around the globe and top research institutions, delivers innovations that drive the nanotechnology industries.

Presence of Cooperate Companies
Aside research institutes, there are big cooperate companies like P&G, British Aerospace, ICI, amtel and many other companies that happened as a result of new technologies developed at the University.  All of these companies combine to support the advancement of nanotechnology.
The combination of these Factors; Durham University, Cooperate and small companies, Research Institutes, Expertise and Support Organizations has uniquely positioned North East England as the best market place for investment opportunities in nanotechnology research and development.

The Most Important Parts of a Sonobuoy

The Sonar represents an acronym (Sound Navigation and Ranging) which is a technology that uses  sound waves to detect objects, moving or not, and mostly underwater. It’s through this means that the Sonobuoy is able to gather record and transmit information from the depth of oceans. Buoy means float.
In fact, since the first deployment by the British towards the end of WW1 to detect the movements of enemy submarines, Sonobuoy has advanced in design and technology to be useful beyond just military purposes. It now has uses ranging from oceanography to under water research studies, aquatic and marine life behavior to deep oil and gas exploration especially offshore. Sonobuoy can be Active which means they are capable of emitting pings and listen for the echo that returns once the ping hits an object. It can be Passive; emits nothing and just listen for disturbances in sound wave. It can be also be designed for special purposes like search and rescue buoy- SAR or ATAC/DLC- Air Transportable Communication and Down link communication.

But no matter what advancement has met with the Sonobuoy in usage and design, the Sonobuoy always retains some components:

Flotation Device
The Sonobuoy must carry an inflatable surface float so that on impact with the ocean after being deployed, it won’t just sink and be lost beneath the sea forever like a piece of rock. This flotation device acts as the only medium of communication between the information collected from under the water and the base station- aircraft, ship or satellite- where the information is collected and processed into useable bits. The flotation device has ability to do this because it carries another important component referred to as Radio Transmitter and hence the second important part of the Sonobuoy



The transmitter is a UHT/ VHF radio attached to the Float and it’s with this that data collected are transmitted for processing. Usually, the processing of the data transmitted is done from the aircraft that did the deployment. And because the sea is prone to violent conditions, this transmission has to be immediate lest the entire Sonobuoy is lost and purpose defeated.

Rugged Design and Construction

The Sonobouy cannot afford to be a fragile device because it is used in one of the most precarious and difficult environment. They need to be durable and strong enough to hold their own against the vagaries of the ocean; harsh unpredictable weather, corrosion from water and salt, animal encounters. And must do so long enough to be able to gather the data needed and transmitted accordingly. The quality of tracking materials used also rub-off on the quality of data captured and transmitted.

Recording device

Sonobuoys always need to carry this device.

This is because of severe weather when transmission of data is really impaired so rather than just lose the information entirely, it’s recorded to be retrieved manually later or transmitted when turbulence is reduced enough to allow it.

How to Display Conditional Text in Adobe FrameMaker Using a Single Text Block

The Adobe Framemaker is a document processor. A veritable tool designed by Adobe to write and edit large and complex documents. This post will attempt to deal with a difficulty users of this software often encounter, even advance users. There are quite a couple of them but here we deal with the problem of displaying different versions of same text in a technical document; how to toggle different versions, on and off. I will use a hypothetical situation as an example: let’s say you want to display the same text in different colors and not altering the paragraph tag.

The catch here is not to mess up the formatting of your page assuming they do have different paragraph tags and you want to avoid using multiple copies of same text block. Here are the simple tricks to follow closely to pull it off. It’s easy just pay attention. First start by creating many conditional Text conditions; as many as you like. Here, we use Blue and Red which turns the selected texts into the above colors respectively. Then highlight your text and apply all the conditions. Since it is blue and red that is being used, the color will now look like pink. There’s no need to panic, it will look like something else if different color combination were used.


Apply the above procedure to all your target text; an easy way to do copy-and-paste trick will explained later at the end of this page.
Then proceed to de-select everything you have highlighted. Remember, the main document should not be highlighted at all in order to turn colors on and off as we are about to explain.

Click on the Show/hide button found in the Conditional Text Dialog. This will display the Show and Hide list. Move into Show list and tick the New condition you want to make active.

Now, click Set to change the color of all the “conditioned” set of texts to your selected color- that color that resembles pink.Move into Show list and tick the new condition you’d love to be active.


Then click Set and change the previous “conditioned” set of texts colors to the new color.

To execute the copy and paste trick mentioned earlier. You must first know that, like in MS word, the conditioning information is in the paragraph mark that follows the text not in the text itself. So, when you want to copy and paste “conditioned” texts, include the paragraph marks at end of text.

It’s only this way that multiple conditions can be assigned to only one block of text; after the copy and paste explained above, write over the “pasted” and “conditioned” text anything you want.